28404 US-290 G03,
Cypress, TX 77433

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Abscess

A collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection. Back to Top

Abutment

A tooth or tooth structure which is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture. Back to Top

Amalgam

A silver filling material. Back to Top

Anesthetic

An agent that causes temporary loss of sensation/feeling. Back to Top

Anterior

The front position. Back to Top

Apex

The end of the root. Back to Top

Asepsis

No micro-organism. Back to Top

Attrition

Wear of teeth due to activities such as chewing. Back to Top

Avulsed

An injury that causes a tooth to be completely knocked out of the mouth. Back to Top

Bitewing

A kind of dental X-ray which is taken with the teeth bite together. The main function of this kind of X-ray is to detect cavities in between teeth and height of bone support. Back to Top

Bleaching

Whitening of teeth. Back to Top

Bridge

A prosthesis which is fixed inside the mouth to replace missing teeth. Back to Top

Bruxism

Teeth grinding. Back to Top

Canine

The third tooth from the middle of the jaw. There are four of them. They are the longest teeth in humans. Back to Top

Canker sore

An ulceration with yellow base and red border in mouth. It can be caused by trauma or herpes simplex virus. Back to Top

Caries

Tooth decay. Back to Top

Cavity

A hole on the tooth. Back to Top

Cast

A model of teeth. Back to Top

Cementation

The process of "gluing" the appliance/prosthesis on the associated area. Back to Top

Chlorhexidine

An anti-microbial agent. It is available in many forms such as gels and rinses. It is an effective agent in controlling gum diseases. Back to Top

Clasp

A metal arm extended from a removable partial denture. It helps to hold onto natural tooth structure and thus provide anchorage for the denture. Back to Top

Cold sore

An ulcer or blister on lip. A form of herpes simplex. Back to Top

Composite

White filling. Back to Top

Cross-bite

An abnormal bite relationship of upper and lower jaw. The lower teeth/tooth align toward the check/ lip side more than the upper teeth/tooth. Back to Top

Crown (porcelain/plastic/metal)

A crown is almost like a "cap" on a tooth. It covers the tooth partially or totally above the gum to restore its function and outlook. Back to Top

Decay

A soft substance caused by the bacterial demineralization of enamel and dentin. An infection within a tooth. Must be treated. Back to Top

Dentistry

A branch of medicine that involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of any disease concerning teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures. Back to Top

Dentition

The position, type, and number of teeth in upper and lower jaw. Back to Top

Denture

(Immediate/complete/partial) (overdenture, temporary)
An artificial object to replace missing teeth and their neighboring structures. There are many different types of denture to satisfy different treatment requirements and patient preferences. Back to Top

Denturist

The person who specializes in fabricating dentures. A Denturist is not responsible for making any type of diagnosis or carrying out any other treatment (e.g. removing teeth). Back to Top

Desensitization

A procedure to reduce the sensitivity of teeth. Back to Top

Diagnosis

The process of identifying dental disease. Back to Top

Diastema

The space between two adjacent teeth. Back to Top

Distal

A direction indication in the mouth. It indicates the direction away from the middle of the jaw. Back to Top

Edentulous

No teeth. Back to Top

Endodontics

A department of dentistry involving diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental pulp (where the nerves and blood vessels are inside the tooth). Back to Top

Eruption

The process of the tooth appearing in the mouth. Back to Top

Excision

The action of cutting something off. Back to Top

Extruded

When a tooth may be pushed partially out of the socket. Back to Top

Filling

A restoration placed on a tooth to restore its function and appearance. Back to Top

Flipper

A temporary denture to replace missing teeth during the waiting period for long term treatment. Back to Top

Floss

A thread/tape that goes in between teeth for cleaning. Back to Top

Fluoride

A compound of fluorine (an element) which be put in different forms such as water, gels, and rinses to strengthen teeth. Back to Top

Fluoride Treatment

Teeth treatment with fluoride agents like gel or rinse. It helps to prevent tooth decay. Back to Top

Fracture

When a cusp of a tooth becomes weakened, a fracture may result. It is possible for the crack to extend further into the root and damage to the pulp is commonplace. Back to Top

Framework

A metal skeleton of a removable partial denture to support the false teeth and the plastic attachments. Back to Top

Gingivitis

The mildest form of gum disease: inflammation of gum. The earliest sign is bleeding gum. Back to Top

Hemorrhage

Bleeding Back to Top

Hemostasis

Stop bleeding. Back to Top

Impaction

A condition where a tooth is not able to come in normally or is stuck underneath another tooth or bone. Back to Top

Implant

A device (usually "screw-like") put in the jaw bone to support a false tooth, a denture or a bridge. Back to Top

Impression

A mold taken by some jelly-like material loaded on a tray. Back to Top

Incisal

The cutting edge of front teeth. Back to Top

Incisor

The four upper and lower front teeth. Back to Top

Inlay

A restoration (usually gold, composite or ceramics) fabricated in the lab that cements on a tooth like a missing puzzle piece. It helps to restore the normal function and outlook of the tooth. Back to Top

Interproximal

The space between two adjacent teeth. Back to Top

Lingual

The side of the tooth towards the tongue. Back to Top

Mesial

The side of the tooth towards the middle of the jaw. Back to Top

Molar

The last three upper and lower teeth on both sides of the mouth. Back to Top

Mouthguard

A device to be worn in the mouth. Depending on the design of it, it prevents injury to teeth and/or jaw during teeth grinding or sport events. Back to Top

Nightguard

A mouthguard which is worn at night time. Back to Top

Occlusal

The biting surface of the back teeth. Back to Top

Occlusion

The way how the upper and lower teeth close together. Back to Top

Onlay

A restoration covers the entire biting surface of a tooth. Back to Top

Open bite

The situation where the upper teeth not able to contact the opposing lower teeth. Back to Top

Orthodontics

A special field in dentistry which involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of bite abnormalities or facial irregularities. Back to Top

Over bite

The overlap of upper teeth and lower teeth when they close together. Back to Top

Overhang

The portion of filling material that hangs beyond the border of the cavity. Back to Top

Palate

The roof of the mouth. Back to Top

Panoramic Radiograph

An X-ray film used to obtain the wide view of upper and lower jaw and their associated structures. Back to Top

Perforation

An opening on a tooth or other oral structure. Back to Top

Periapical

The surrounding of the bottom of the root of a tooth. Back to Top

Periodontics

A specialty of dentistry involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of gum (periodontal) disease. Back to Top

Permanent teeth

Adult's teeth. The first permanent tooth usually comes in around 6 years old. Back to Top

Pin

A piece of "nail-like" metal. It usually is used for better retention of a filling. Back to Top

Polish

A process to make the tooth or filling or other denture smooth and glossy. Back to Top

Pontic

The false tooth in a bridge or denture to replace the missing tooth. Back to Top

Post

A big pin which can be made with different materials such as metal or carbon. Its function usually is to support a big buildup on a tooth. Back to Top

Posterior

Located at the back. Back to Top

Pre-authorization

An approval from the particular authority (usually insurance company in dentistry) before any action (treatment) is carried out. Back to Top

Pre-medication

Medication needing to be taken before treatment. Back to Top

Premolar

The two teeth located in front of the molar. Back to Top

Prescription

A written statement (from a doctor to a pharmacist) regarding the type, the amount and direction of the use of a medication for a patient. In dentistry, a prescription can also be a written statement for preparation of an appliance from a dentist to a lab technician. Back to Top

Primary teeth

Baby teeth. Back to Top

Prophylaxis/prophy

The procedure of teeth polishing. It also means the prevention of diseases. Back to Top

Prosthesis

An artificial part to replace missing teeth and their associated structures. Back to Top

Prosthodontics

A specialty of dentistry involving diagnosis, treatment planning, and fabrication of artificial parts to replace missing teeth and their associated structures. Back to Top

Pulp

The innermost part of a tooth. It contains nerves and blood vessels inside a tooth. Back to Top

Pulpectomy

The removal of the whole pulp inside a tooth. Back to Top

Pulpotomy

The removal of the top part of the pulp inside a tooth. Back to Top

Q

Radiograph

An X-ray picture. Back to Top

Recall

The regular checkup and teeth cleaning appointment. Back to Top

Recementation

The process of "gluing" the appliance/prosthesis back on the associated area. Back to Top

Restoration

An item a dentist uses to restore the normal function of a tooth or an area in the mouth. It can be a filling, a crown, a bridge, etc. Back to Top

Retainer

A device used for maintaining the position of teeth in the jaw in orthodontic treatment. Back to Top

Retreatment

The process of repeating the root canal treatment. Back to Top

Root

The bottom part of tooth. It anchors the tooth to its supporting units. Back to Top

Root canal

The canal that runs inside the root of the tooth. It contains the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth. Back to Top

Root canal treatment

A treatment for the root canal inside the tooth. Back to Top

Root planing

The action of cleaning the root area of teeth. Back to Top

Rubber dam

A rubber sheet that fits around teeth. It isolates the treatment area from the rest of the oral cavity. Back to Top

Scaling

The action of cleaning teeth below the gumline. Back to Top

Sealant

A thin layer of plastic-like material covering the grooves and pits on a tooth to prevent cavity. Back to Top

Sedation

The use of medication to calm a patient. Back to Top

Space Maintainer

An appliance to maintain the space between teeth. Back to Top

Splint

An appliance or a material to prevent movement of a mobile part. Back to Top

Tempromandibular Joint (TMJ)

The joint that links the two parts of the jaw. Back to Top

Torus

An outgrowth of bone. It usually develops on the roof of the mouth or around the premolar area on the lower jaw. Back to Top

U

Veneer

A layer of tooth-colored material (can be porcelain, composite, or ceramics) that attaches to the front of the tooth. It is usually used to improve the appearance of the tooth. Back to Top

Wisdom tooth

The eighth (also the last) tooth from the middle of the jaw. Back to Top

Xerostomia

Dry mouth Back to Top

Y

Z

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